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Chapter 1

Definitions:

The ultimate origin the English word ‘witch’ is the Indo-European root *weik, which has to do with religion and magic. *Weik produced four families of derivatives:

 

  1. *wih-l, which yielded Old English wiggle, ‘sorcery’, and wiglera, ‘sorcerer’, and through Old and Middle French, modern English ‘guile’. Also Old English wil, Middle and modern English ‘wile’, 2. Old Norse *wihl-, ‘Craftiness’.
  2. *wik-, ‘holy’ whence Old High German wihen and German weihen, ‘to consecrate’; Middle German wick, ‘holy’, and Latin victima, ‘sacrifice’. 4. *wick-, ‘magic, sorcery’, whence Middle German wikken, ‘to predict’, and Old English wicca, wicce, ‘witch’, and wiccian, ‘to work sorcery, bewitch’. From wicca derives Middle English witche and modern ‘witch’.

 

Different from *wiek and its derivations is *weik, ‘bending’, whence Old English wiccan, ‘to bend’, from which the modern English ‘weak’ and ‘witchelm’. Related to wiccan are Old Saxon wikan, Old High German wichan, Old Norse vikja, all meaning ‘to bend, or turn aside’.

 

Old English witan, ‘to know’ and all related words including ‘sise’ are totally unrelated to either of the above.

Chapter 5 the Sabbats

Wiccan Wheel of the Year

Chapter 6 The elements

 

Chapter 8 Your Altar

An Example of a Wiccan Altar
An Example of a Wiccan Altar